One of the methods being pursued to balance electrical supply and demand over time is batteries. The effectiveness of batteries is generally proportional to their energy and power capacity, which in turn are proportional to cost. High capacity batteries can be very expensive, which is a handicap, especially in low-income markets. By implication, to the extent possible, it is necessary to implement other lower cost technologies and strategies such as demand response to limit load peaking, and to shift electrical power loads away from supply troughs.
While the task seems daunting, we at Impulse X Systems, accompanied by partners, are advancing approaches which complement and often significantly augment current approaches, facilitating the evolution of the electricity network into one that is more flexible, and participatory, while keeping implementation and maintenance costs low.